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  • Writer's pictureSam Spaccamonti

6 Things to know about Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP) Training

  1. Understanding Bloodborne Pathogens and Their Connection to Medical Waste

Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms present in human blood that can cause diseases such as hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Any physical materials that come into contact with these pathogens, such as used needles or contaminated gauze, are classified as "Medical Waste." Specifically, these items are considered Other Potentially Infectious Materials (OPIM) once they have been contaminated with bloodborne pathogens. Proper management of these risks is essential, particularly in environments prone to such exposures. This guide offers a comprehensive overview of Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP) training, detailing the necessity for training, key certification elements, and effective prevention strategies.

Doctors taking online OSHA training

2. Who Needs Bloodborne pathogens (BBP) Training?

BBP training is mandatory for all employees who could be "reasonably anticipated" to face contact with blood and other potentially infectious materials as part of their job duties. This includes but is NOT limited to:

  • Healthcare workers: Doctors, nurses, and other medical staff who interact directly with patients.

  • Emergency responders: Police, firefighters, and emergency medical technicians (EMTs).

  • Laboratory staff: Individuals who handle or are exposed to human blood, body fluids, tissues, and other biological materials.

  • Cleaning personnel: Those responsible for cleaning and sanitizing areas where exposure to bloodborne pathogens is possible.

  • Tattoo and Body artists: Professionals who come into contact with blood through their services.

3. Bloodborne Pathogens Training and Certification

Bloodborne pathogens certification is achieved through our comprehensive training program that covers the following key areas:

  • Understanding Bloodborne Pathogens: Learning about the types of pathogens and their transmission methods.

  • Exposure Control Plans: Implementing protocols and practices to minimize the risk of exposure.

  • Use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): Proper utilization and disposal of gloves, gowns, face shields, and other essential safety gear.

  • Safe Handling and Disposal of Sharps: Establishing guidelines for managing needles and other sharp objects effectively and safely.

Importantly, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) mandates that BBP training should encompass at least two hours. This requirement ensures that workers are thoroughly equipped with the knowledge to handle potentially infectious materials safely and are fully aware of the necessary actions to take in the event of exposure. Certification confirms a worker's preparedness to manage these risks effectively.

4. What are Post-Exposure Guidelines?

Post-exposure guidelines are crucial components of BBP training, detailing steps to take after an incident involving potential exposure:

  • Immediate Response: Wash the exposed area thoroughly with soap and water; for mucous membrane exposure, flush with water.

  • Report the Incident: Notify the supervisor and seek medical evaluation.

  • Follow-Up: Undergo medical tests, post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) if necessary, and receive counseling.

5. What are "Prevention Techniques"?

Preventing exposure to bloodborne pathogens is foundational to occupational safety. Prevention techniques include:

  • Engineering Controls: Implementing physical modifications to reduce or eliminate exposures (e.g., sharps disposal containers, self-sheathing needles).

  • Work Practice Controls: Altering the way tasks are performed to reduce exposure risks (e.g., not recapping used needles).

  • Administrative Controls: Policies and procedures designed to minimize exposure (e.g., proper training, employee health and safety programs).

6. How often is Bloodborne pathogens (BBP) training required?

BBP certification is typically valid for one year, acknowledging that guidelines, best practices, and regulations can evolve. Annual recertification is required to ensure that workers’ knowledge and practices remain current with the latest safety standards. This involves re-taking the BBP training course to refresh skills and knowledge, and to learn about any new advancements or changes in safety protocols.


Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP) training is essential for ensuring the safety of workers who are at risk of exposure to infectious materials. With proper training, certification, and adherence to safety practices, the risks associated with these pathogens can be significantly mitigated. Remember, safety starts with awareness and education—stay informed, stay protected.

For those looking to certify or recertify, San Diego Medical Waste Services, LLC offers comprehensive online OSHA training courses designed to meet your needs and compliance requirements. Please feel free to learn more about our Bloodborne pathogen training and our other online training courses by visiting: to equip yourself with the knowledge to protect against bloodborne pathogens today.


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